Writing Terms:
  • Thesis Statement: an explanation of the topic of a paper
  • Topic Sentence: a sentence that tells the general topic of the paragraph
  • Clincher Statement: the last sentence of your conclusion that leaves the reader with a final statement that sums up your paper
  • Major Supports: ideas that back-up your thesis, or point you are trying to prove
  • Minor Supports: ideas that back-up your major supports
  • Transitions: words used to carry your paper from one idea to the next
  • Coherence: the style of your paper, if everything flows together
  • Unity: keeping a uniform topic throughout your entire writing piece
Grammar Terms:
  • Noun: a person, place, thing, or idea
  • Verb: a word that expresses action, or a state of being
  • Adjective: a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun
  • Adverb: a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
  • Pronoun: a word that takes the place of a noun
  • Preposition: a word, along with a phrase, that explains a relationship between one noun and another
  • Conjunction: a connecting word
  • Interjection: a word that expresses strong emotions
  • Phrase: a group of words with a subject or verb
  • Clause: a group of words with a subject and verb
  • Passive Voice: form of be (is, am, are, were, was, be, being, been) + past tense verb (past participle), action is performed upon its subject
  • Parallel Structure: when writing a list, items in the list should be the same part of speech (noun, noun, and noun: verb, verb, and verb: etc.)
Literary Terms:
  • Personification: giving human qualities to inanimate objects or ideas
  • Imagery: descriptive language that uses the senses
  • Foreshadow: clues within the book that hint at what may happen later in the story
  • Simile: a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
  • Metaphor: a comparison of two unlike things without the use of like or as
  • Allusion: a reference to a person, place, an event in history, or another piece of literature
  • Conflict: a problem that creates the plot in fiction (man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. self)